To talk about the things that you or others have to do we use:
Tener que + infinitive.
Let’s break up this formula so you can comfortably talk about the things that you and others have to do.
Tener que + infinitive.
The “tener” part of that formula has to be conjugated to allow us to know who is the person that has to do something
Tener = to have.
Please remember that tener is an irregular verb, therefore it is important to review it’s conjugations.
An infinitive is a verb that has not been conjugated. Infinitives end in -ar, -er & -ir.
In order for us to talk about the things that you and others have to do we have to use both, the correct conjugation of tener + the infinitive form of a verb.
Let’s look at MY to-do list together. These are the things that I have to do. Pay close attention at the sentence structure and notice the pattern with tener que + infinitive.
I could also add a Yo in front of the tengo. For example: Yo tengo que usar la computadora.
Did you notice that tener became tengo? That’s because I am saying I have to do those activities.
Now, let’s look at another example. This is a to-do list I created for my son. My intent is to say he has to do those things.
Notice how the tener part of our formula (tener que + inf.) was conjugated in the he/she form. That was done to indicate that he has to do those things.
Another option would be to add a subject pronoun before the tener part or a name. For example I could also say:
Alternatively I could say:
Regardless of the form the tener que + infinitive was in the sentence to be able to talk about the things that you or others have to do.
Here is an example in the nosotros form. Let’s say I want to say that we have to fold the clothes. I would still use tener que + infinitive but I would change the tener part to match the person who is performing the action.
Tenemos que doblar la ropa.
Nosotros tenemos que doblar la ropa.
Now you have seen how to use tener que + infinitive to talk about the things that you or others have to do. Don’t forget to conjugate the tener part accordingly.
To ask someone: What do you have to do? You would say
¿Qué tienes que hacer tú?
The answer would be in the Yo form.
Yo tengo que + infinitive.
The Verb Ser means (To be) and is a crucial verb to know in Spanish. The verb Ser allows you to speak about yourself and others.
Learning how to conjugate the verb ser in the present tense will enable you to talk about yourself and others regarding when you want to say, “I am … You are … He is … etc.”
Adjectives in Spanish just like in English describe a noun. In Spanish, adjectives must agree in gender and number to the noun that they describe. In simple terms: If the noun is feminine and singular, the adjective should be feminine and singular. If the noun is plural and masculine, the adjective should be masculine and plural.
To conjugate er and ir verbs you remove the ending (-er or -ir) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.
Conjugating regular -er & -ir verbs works exactly the same way we learned how to conjugate -ar verbs, however, we have different endings.
Definite Articles in Spanish, In Spanish, you have to choose between four definite articles: el, la, los, and las. In Spanish, all nouns (including words for things) are either masculine or feminine this is called their gender. And just as in English they can also be either singular or plural.