Teacher Catalina

Conjugating ar Verbs

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How to Conjugate ar Verbs?

To conjugate an -ar verb you remove the ending (-ar) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.

I am sure you already know some -ar Verbs. For example cantar, hablar, bailar, dibujar, etc. 

Before we go any deeper, let’s review the concept of verbs in the infinitive. 

Spanish ar verbs video lesson

Play Video about How to Conjugate ar verbs
 

What are infinitives 

Infinitives are verbs that have not been conjugated. They are the “to verbs” in English. For example: to speak, to draw, to dance. In Spanish verbs in the infinitive end in -ar, -er, & -ir

Let’s focus on those infinitives that end in -ar.

Disclaimer: Not all -ar verbs are regular. Not all of them follow the same set of rules. For example, gustar is NOT a regular verb. It does not follow the rules as regular -ar verbs. If you want to conjugate gustar you must follow the rules we learned during that lesson. 

Here is a list of regular -arlist of ar verbs verbs that you may have seen or that I think will be useful to learn at this stage. We will learn to conjugate some of them together. The rest you will be able to conjugate on your own by following the rules that we learn today. 

Example of a ar verb conjugation

It’s the verb estudiar.

Do you see how it ends in -ar? That’s what we call an -ar verb. 

In order for us to conjugate it, basically, we are going to change it to match the person that is performing the action, we have to start by knowing the two parts of a verb.

All verbs have two parts. In this case, the -ar is what we call the ending. Whatever is left over is what we call the stem. One more time, the -ar is the ending and whatever is left over is what we call the stem.Estudiar

Here is another verb. The verb hablar.

Remember that the h is silent. Hablar = to speak. Again, -ar is the ending and whatever is leftover is the stem.Hablar

 

That’s how you conjugate a verb. 

So now, I want to show you how to apply those rules. In order to do that I am going to use some scissors. It will help you see things clearly. 

Remember the verb estudiar? To study? Well, let’s go ahead and apply the rules together.

Rules to Conjugate ar Verbs

  1. Get rid of the ending (-ar) 
  2. Add a new ending.Rules to conjugate ar verbs

    Remember conjugating is simply changing the verb to match the person that is performing the action. 

 

This is where we are going to use our tijeras (our scissors).

Rule 2 says to add a new ending. So how do I know which endings to add? 

What ar verb ending do i use 

Since the new endings are based on who is performing the action, let’s bring back our subject pronouns. In one of our previous lessons, I told you that it was important to memorize the subject pronouns in this order and this is why. If by now you know your subject pronouns then all you have to memorize are the new endings. 

Let’s go over the endings.

The ending for yo is o. Estudio means I study. 

The ending for is as. Estudias means you study. 

The ending for él/ella/Ud. is a. Estudia means he studies, she studies or You formal study. 

The ending for nosotros(as) is amos. Estudiamos means we study.

The ending for vosotros(as) is áis. Estudiáis means You guys study.

The ending for ellos/ellas/Uds. is an. Estudian means they study or you guys study. 

So now we have all of the endings for -ar verbs.

Let’s put Complete Sentences Together

So now that you know how to conjugate -ar verbs you can put a few sentences together. 

Remember all you need is your subject or your subject pronoun and then the correct conjugation of the -ar verb

Let’s do this together. If I want to say we study a lot … 

Nosotros estudiamos mucho. That’s a complete sentence. 

Now let’s look at hablar. We said it means I speak. 

I could say:

Yo hablo mucho. That’s a complete sentence. 

Asking and Answering Questions

Let’s discuss something important. 

What if I ask YOU a question?

Who would you answer about?

That’s right you are answering about yourself. So I may ask .. 

¿Tú hablas mucho?

You would answer in the yo form since you are talking about yourself. You may say:

Sí, yo hablo mucho 

or 

No, no hablo mucho. 

The same thing applies if I ask you a question about Uds. I am asking you guys … therefore you need to answer in the nosotros (we) form.  Think about it. Hey do you guys study a lot? Yes, WE study a lot 

¿Uds. estudian mucho?

Sí, nosotros estudiamos mucho 

or 

No, no estudiamos mucho. 

How to say you Don’t do some of these things

To say you don’t do something we are going to put the NO in front of the verb. Just like we did with gustar. 

¿Tú hablas mucho?

 No, no hablo mucho. 

So now you are an expert and you know how to conjugate -ar verbs.

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  • I am Teacher Catalina.

  • I am a Spanish Teacher, a native Spanish speaker, and have been teaching Spanish in the USA for over 16 years, always teaching in a fun and engaging way. My passion ❤️ is to teach Spanish, share my expertise as an educator, and collaborate with people around the world 🌍.

  • Free handouts (Click to download from Google drive)

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    How to Conjugate ar verbs

    Conjugating ar Verbs

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    Learn the Conjugation of Ar with FREE Video lessons, charts, Examples & worksheets.

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    er-and-ir-verbs

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    Conjugate Tener que + infinitive.

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    Estar conjugation

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    Ir conjugation

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    Gustar

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