Teacher Catalina

Subject Pronouns in Spanish

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Spanish Subject Pronouns video lesson

What is a subject pronoun?

A subject pronoun is a word that replaces the Subject in a Sentence. We use them to avoid Repeating the Subject. For example: Mary is tall. She is pretty. We used “she” to replace Mary.
 

What is a subject pronoun?

A subject pronoun is a word that replaces the Subject in a Sentence. We use them to avoid Repeating the Subject. For example: Mary is tall. She is pretty. We used “she” to replace Mary.
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The 12 Subject Pronouns in Spanish are:

  • Yo
  • Él/Ella/Usted
  • Nosotros/Nosotras
  • Vosotros/Vosotras
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes

Subject pronouns Tips and tricks

Nosotros (as) = we. Remember that a “we” can also be accomplished by saying someone else + I. In other words, you can say: We are tall. or, you can say: Mary and I are tall. In Spanish we can do the same. We can say: Nosotras somos altas. or, Mary y yo somos altas.

Remember: Anyone else + yo = nosotros(as)

Ustedes (Uds): You are talking TO a group of people.

Ellos/Ellas: You are talking ABOUT a group of people. (An easy way to remember is thinking that you are talking behind their back (in a figurative way).

Anyone else + Tú = Uds. Think about it this way. I could say: Mary, Johnny and you are tall. or, I could say You (plural) are tall.

As we continue learning Spanish, I would like to encourage you to memorize the subject pronouns in the specific order shown here.

Why? Well, we will be learning how to conjugate verbs and conjugation is based off of subject pronouns. It is on your best interest to learn them in this order as they are organized by singular/plural. We will use them in this order as we begin to conjugate.

Deep Dive: Subject Pronouns in Spanish

Subject pronouns are the first step in learning Spanish grammar and sentence structure. It is super important to learn them as we will be using them throughout our journey. There are a lot of topics that we will cover later on that will be based off of the subject pronouns.

You use subject pronouns in English and now we will be using them in Spanish. Keep in mind that the subject pronouns in Spanish are a bit different than they are in English. In Spanish we have to make sure we use the correct gender of the person we are talking about.

Subject pronouns are used to replace the subject so we don’t have to repeat their name over and over. You already do this in English, therefore, let’s work on transferring that knowledge into Spanish.

For example: In the sentence, Mary is tall., you could replace Mary with the subject pronoun “she” and instead say: She is tall. As long as we know we are talking about Mary, we know that that “she” is referring to Mary. We are going to do the same thing in Spanish. Let’s look at that same sentence. Mary es alta (alta = tall). We could replace Mary with “ella” and they say: Ella es alta.

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  • I am Teacher Catalina.

  • I am a Spanish Teacher, a native Spanish speaker, and have been teaching Spanish in the USA for over 16 years, always teaching in a fun and engaging way. My passion ❤️ is to teach Spanish, share my expertise as an educator, and collaborate with people around the world 🌍.

  • Free handouts (Click to download from Google drive)

    Subject Pronouns in Spanish

    Learn the subject pronouns in Spanish with FREE Video lessons, Chart, Examples & worksheet.Spanish Subject pronouns are the first step to learning Spanish,

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    Conjugation of Ser in Spanish

    The Verb Ser means (To be) and is a crucial verb to know in Spanish. The verb Ser allows you to speak about yourself and others.
    Learning how to conjugate the verb ser in the present tense will enable you to talk about yourself and others regarding when you want to say, “I am … You are … He is … etc.”

    Read More »
    Adjectives in Spanish

    Adjectives in Spanish

    Adjectives in Spanish just like in English describe a noun. In Spanish, adjectives must agree in gender and number to the noun that they describe. In simple terms: If the noun is feminine and singular, the adjective should be feminine and singular. If the noun is plural and masculine, the adjective should be masculine and plural. 

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    How to Conjugate ar verbs

    Conjugating ar Verbs

    To conjugate an -ar verb you remove the ending (-ar) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.

    Learn the Conjugation of Ar with FREE Video lessons, charts, Examples & worksheets.

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    er-and-ir-verbs

    To conjugate er and ir verbs you remove the ending (-er or -ir) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.

    Conjugating regular -er & -ir verbs works exactly the same way we learned how to conjugate -ar verbs, however, we have different endings. 

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    Conjugate Tener que + infinitive.

    Tener que + infinitive

    Tener que + infinitive. The “tener” part of that formula has to be conjugated to allow us to know who is the person that has to do something. 

    Learn the Conjugation of Ar with FREE Video lessons, charts, Examples & worksheets.

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    Estar conjugation

    Estar is an irregular verb. The conjugations of Estar are:

    Yo → estoy
    Tú (you informal) → estás
    Èl/Ella/ Ud (you formal) → está
    Nosotros (nosotras) → estamos
    Vosotros (vosotras) → estáis
    Ellos/Ellas/Uds. → están

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    Ir conjugation

    Ir is an irregular verb. That means that it does not follow the pattern of regular -ir verbs. Do not think that it is an -ir verb. It is not. Ir is an irregular verb.

    Let’s start by learning the conjugation of the verb ir: to go.

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    Stem changing e to ie

    e to ie stem-changing verbs all have an e in the stem and that e is going to change to ie in all forms except for nosotros and vosotros. read more

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    Definite Article in Spanish

    Definite Articles in Spanish, In Spanish, you have to choose between four definite articles: el, la, los, and las. In Spanish, all nouns (including words for things) are either masculine or feminine this is called their gender. And just as in English they can also be either singular or plural.

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    Indefinite Article in Spanish

    Indefinite Articles in Spanish Just like definite articles, follow the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural ) of a noun and have four forms

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    Gustar

    How to Conjugate Gustar

    Gustar is a verb. Although the literal translation is “something is pleasing to you or to someone else”, Gustar is used to talk about things that you or someone likes.

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