Teacher Catalina

Adjectives in Spanish

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Spanish Adjectives video lesson

What are adjectives?

Adjectives in Spanish just like in English describe a noun. In Spanish, adjectives must agree in gender and number to the noun that they describe. In simple terms: If the noun is feminine and singular, the adjective should be feminine and singular. If the noun is plural and masculine, the adjective should be masculine and plural. 
There are some adjectives that do not have gender and we will discuss a bit more how to work with them.
Play Video about Adjectives in Spanish

Deep Dive: Adjectives in Spanish

Adjectives are words that describe nouns. For example: colors. 

Adjectives in Spanish must match in gender and number to the noun that they describe. 

An easy way to think about it is: When you describe a male vs. when you describe a female, those adjectives are going to be a tiny bit different. The same thing happens if you are describing a group of females vs. a group of males or a mixed group.

Let’s start with the basics of the Spanish adjectives

The masculine form of most adjectives ends in -o. 

To make the adjective plural we will add an -s. The plural form then, will end in -os

.

The feminine form of most adjectives ends in -a.

To make the adjective plural we will add an -s. The plural form then, will end in -as.

Let’s look at some examples:

The adjective alto means tall

 

 

 

 

 

 

If we are talking about ONE male we will say alto.

If we are talking about ONE female we will say alta

If we are talking about a group of only males OR a mixed group we would say altos

If we are talking about a group of ALL females, we would say altas.

Let’s put those sentences together using a Subject pronoun or Subject, and the correct conjugation of the verb ser and the correct form of the adjective. 

Èl es alto. 

Ella

 es alta. 

Ellos son altos. Remember that this one could be used for a group of only males or a mixed group of males and females regardless of the ratio.

Ellas son altas. 

Let’s do one more example together. Let’s use the opposite of alto (tall). Let’s work with the adjective bajo (short) in reference to height. 

Èl es bajo. 

Ella es baja. 

Ellos son bajos.  Remember that this one could be used for a group of only males or a mixed group of males and females regardless of the ratio.

Ellas son bajas. 

There are some adjectives that do not have gender. Like for example the adjective inteligente (intelligent). It does not end in -o therefore it does not change from masculine to feminine. Inteligente is going to be used for both masculine and feminine. 

 

Having said that, we still have to think of number in case we are talking about more than one person. Since there is no gender, to make inteligente plural we simply add an -s and it becomes inteligentes. If the adjective ends in a vowel like inteligente we simply add an -s.

Let’s break this adjective down so you can see how it would work in all scenarios.

If we are talking about ONE male we will say inteligente.

If we are talking about ONE female we will say inteligente

If we are talking about a group of only males OR a mixed group we would say inteligentes

If we are talking about a group of ALL females, we would say inteligentes.

Èl es inteligente. 

Ella es inteligente. 

Ellos son inteligentes. Remember that this one could be used for a group of only males or a mixed group of males and females regardless of the ratio.

Ellas son inteligentes.

Now, let’s look at the adjective joven (young). Notice how it doesn’t have gender as it doesn’t end in an -o. Now, pay close attention that it doesn’t end in a vowel like inteligente. Instead it ends in a consonant. That will change things a bit when we try to work with the plural form of this verb. Let’s look at it. 

Joven will be used for both feminine and masculine. 

To make joven plural we have to add -es since it ends in a consonant. Therefore, it becomes jóvenes. If the adjective ends in a consonant we add -es to make it plural.

Example: 

Èl es joven. 

Ella es joven. 

Ellos son jóvenes. Remember that this one could be used for a group of only males or a mixed group of males and females regardless of the ratio.

Ellas son jóvenes.

To say you are NOT something in Spanish

like for example, I am not tall you are going to put a NO in front of the verb. 

For example:

Yo no soy alta. 

Yo no soy rubia. 

Ella no es baja.

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  • I am Teacher Catalina.

  • I am a Spanish Teacher, a native Spanish speaker, and have been teaching Spanish in the USA for over 16 years, always teaching in a fun and engaging way. My passion ❤️ is to teach Spanish, share my expertise as an educator, and collaborate with people around the world 🌍.

  • Free handouts (Click to download from Google drive)

    Subject Pronouns in Spanish

    Learn the subject pronouns in Spanish with FREE Video lessons, Chart, Examples & worksheet.Spanish Subject pronouns are the first step to learning Spanish,

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    Conjugation of Ser in Spanish

    The Verb Ser means (To be) and is a crucial verb to know in Spanish. The verb Ser allows you to speak about yourself and others.
    Learning how to conjugate the verb ser in the present tense will enable you to talk about yourself and others regarding when you want to say, “I am … You are … He is … etc.”

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    Adjectives in Spanish

    Adjectives in Spanish

    Adjectives in Spanish just like in English describe a noun. In Spanish, adjectives must agree in gender and number to the noun that they describe. In simple terms: If the noun is feminine and singular, the adjective should be feminine and singular. If the noun is plural and masculine, the adjective should be masculine and plural. 

    Read More »
    How to Conjugate ar verbs

    Conjugating ar Verbs

    To conjugate an -ar verb you remove the ending (-ar) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.

    Learn the Conjugation of Ar with FREE Video lessons, charts, Examples & worksheets.

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    er-and-ir-verbs

    To conjugate er and ir verbs you remove the ending (-er or -ir) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.

    Conjugating regular -er & -ir verbs works exactly the same way we learned how to conjugate -ar verbs, however, we have different endings. 

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    Conjugate Tener que + infinitive.

    Tener que + infinitive

    Tener que + infinitive. The “tener” part of that formula has to be conjugated to allow us to know who is the person that has to do something. 

    Learn the Conjugation of Ar with FREE Video lessons, charts, Examples & worksheets.

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    Estar conjugation

    Estar is an irregular verb. The conjugations of Estar are:

    Yo → estoy
    Tú (you informal) → estás
    Èl/Ella/ Ud (you formal) → está
    Nosotros (nosotras) → estamos
    Vosotros (vosotras) → estáis
    Ellos/Ellas/Uds. → están

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    Ir conjugation

    Ir is an irregular verb. That means that it does not follow the pattern of regular -ir verbs. Do not think that it is an -ir verb. It is not. Ir is an irregular verb.

    Let’s start by learning the conjugation of the verb ir: to go.

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    Stem changing e to ie

    e to ie stem-changing verbs all have an e in the stem and that e is going to change to ie in all forms except for nosotros and vosotros. read more

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    Definite Article in Spanish

    Definite Articles in Spanish, In Spanish, you have to choose between four definite articles: el, la, los, and las. In Spanish, all nouns (including words for things) are either masculine or feminine this is called their gender. And just as in English they can also be either singular or plural.

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    Indefinite Article in Spanish

    Indefinite Articles in Spanish Just like definite articles, follow the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural ) of a noun and have four forms

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    Gustar

    How to Conjugate Gustar

    Gustar is a verb. Although the literal translation is “something is pleasing to you or to someone else”, Gustar is used to talk about things that you or someone likes.

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