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er-and-ir-verbs

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How to Conjugate er and ir Verbs

To conjugate er and ir verbs you remove the ending (-er or -ir) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.
 

Conjugating regular -er & -ir verbs works exactly the same way we learned how to conjugate -ar verbs, however, we have different endings. 

In order for us to conjugate it, basically we are going to change it to match the person that is performing the action. In order for us to do that we have to start by knowing the two parts of a verb.

All verbs have two parts. In this case, the -er & -ir is what we call the ending. Whatever is leftover is what we call the stem. One more time, the -er & -ir is the ending and whatever is leftover is what we call the stem.

Below we will learn to conjugate some of them together. The rest you will be able to conjugate on your own by following the rules that we learn today.

Spanish Er & Ir video lesson

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Rules to Conjugate Regular er & ir Verbs

  1. Get rid of the ending (-er & -ir) 
  2. Add a new ending.
  3. That’s how you conjugate a verb.

 

Let’s take a look at the verb Comer

Comer = to eat. Again, -er is the ending and whatever is leftover is the stem.

With that out of the way let’s go over the two rules we have to Conjugate verbs.

Remember conjugating is simply changing the verb to match the person that is performing the action.

So now I want to show you how to apply those rules. In order to do that I am going to use some scissors. It will help you see things clearly. 

Remember the verb estudiar? To study? Well, let’s go ahead and apply the rules together. 

This is where we are going to use our tijeras (our scissors).

Rule 1 says to get rid of the ending (-er & -ir). So let’s do that. Let’s cut it off. Poof, it’s gone. 

So now we are left with the stem of the verb estudiar because we got rid of the -er & -ir

er verbs endings Chart

er verb ending

Since the new endings are based on who is performing the action, let’s bring back our subject pronouns. In one of our previous lessons I told you that it was important to memorize the subject pronouns in this order. If by now you know your subject pronouns then all you have to memorize are the new endings. 

Let’s go over the endings.

The ending for yo is o. Como means I study. 

The ending for is es. Comes means you study. 

The ending for él/ella/Ud. is e. Come means he studies, she studies or You formal study. 

The ending for nosotros(as) is emos. Comemos means we study.

The ending for vosotros(as) is éis. Coméis means You guys study.

The ending for ellos/ellas/Uds. is en. Comen means they study or you guys study. 

So now we have all of the endings for -er verbs.

Let’s Take a Look at the verb Escribir

So let’s now look at -ir verbs. The process is the same. Good news: -er and -ir verbs ending are very similar but be careful about the nosotros and vosotros forms as they are different. 

So now I want to show you how to apply those rules. In order to do that I am going to use some scissors. It will help you see things clearly. 

The verb escribir is an -ir verb

o let’s conjugate it. 

Rule 1. Get rid of the ending (-ir). Let’s use our scissors again and let’s get rid of that -ir. Poof!

ir Verb Endings Chartir verb ending

Now we have the stem (escrib) and we have to add new endings according to rule #2 and depending on who is speaking. Depending on who is performing the action.

Here is our stem.  escrib

I speak = yo escribo

you speak  = tú escribes. See how the ending changed? Let’s continue

he/she/You (f.) speak(s) = él escribe / ella escribe / Ud. escribe

we speak = nosotros(as) escribimos

you speak (pl. Spain) = vosotros(as) escribís

they / you (pl. Latin America) speak = ellos escriben / ellas escriben / Uds. escriben

And that’s it friends. Now you have conjugated the verb escribir in all of it’s forms 

  • escribo 
  • escribes
  • escribe
  • escribimos
  • escribís
  • escriben

And that’s it. Super simple. You just gotta practice a bit. 

Asking and Answering Questions

Let’s discuss something important. 

What if I ask YOU a question?

Who would you answer about?

That’s right you are answering about yourself. So I may ask .. 

¿Tú corres mucho?

 

You would answer in the yo form since you are talking about yourself. You may say:

Sí, yo corro mucho 

or 

No, no corro mucho. 

The same thing applies if I ask you a question about Uds. I am asking you guys … therefore you need to answer in the nosotros (we) form.  Think about it. Hey do you guys study a lot? Yes, WE study a lot 

¿Uds. escriben mucho?

Sí, nosotros escribimos mucho 

or 

No, no escribimos mucho. 

How to say you Don’t do some of these things

To say you don’t do something we are going to put the NO in front of the verb. Just like we did with gustar. 

¿Tú lees mucho?

 No, no leo mucho. 

So now you are an expert and you know how to conjugate -ar, -er and -ir verbs. 

 

Table of Contents

  • I am Teacher Catalina.

  • I am a Spanish Teacher, a native Spanish speaker, and have been teaching Spanish in the USA for over 16 years, always teaching in a fun and engaging way. My passion ❤️ is to teach Spanish, share my expertise as an educator, and collaborate with people around the world 🌍.

  • Free handouts (Click to download from Google drive)

    Subject Pronouns in Spanish

    Learn the subject pronouns in Spanish with FREE Video lessons, Chart, Examples & worksheet.Spanish Subject pronouns are the first step to learning Spanish,

    Read More »

    Conjugation of Ser in Spanish

    The Verb Ser means (To be) and is a crucial verb to know in Spanish. The verb Ser allows you to speak about yourself and others.
    Learning how to conjugate the verb ser in the present tense will enable you to talk about yourself and others regarding when you want to say, “I am … You are … He is … etc.”

    Read More »
    Adjectives in Spanish

    Adjectives in Spanish

    Adjectives in Spanish just like in English describe a noun. In Spanish, adjectives must agree in gender and number to the noun that they describe. In simple terms: If the noun is feminine and singular, the adjective should be feminine and singular. If the noun is plural and masculine, the adjective should be masculine and plural. 

    Read More »
    How to Conjugate ar verbs

    Conjugating ar Verbs

    To conjugate an -ar verb you remove the ending (-ar) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.

    Learn the Conjugation of Ar with FREE Video lessons, charts, Examples & worksheets.

    Read More »

    er-and-ir-verbs

    To conjugate er and ir verbs you remove the ending (-er or -ir) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.

    Conjugating regular -er & -ir verbs works exactly the same way we learned how to conjugate -ar verbs, however, we have different endings. 

    Read More »
    Conjugate Tener que + infinitive.

    Tener que + infinitive

    Tener que + infinitive. The “tener” part of that formula has to be conjugated to allow us to know who is the person that has to do something. 

    Learn the Conjugation of Ar with FREE Video lessons, charts, Examples & worksheets.

    Read More »

    Estar conjugation

    Estar is an irregular verb. The conjugations of Estar are:

    Yo → estoy
    Tú (you informal) → estás
    Èl/Ella/ Ud (you formal) → está
    Nosotros (nosotras) → estamos
    Vosotros (vosotras) → estáis
    Ellos/Ellas/Uds. → están

    Read More »

    Ir conjugation

    Ir is an irregular verb. That means that it does not follow the pattern of regular -ir verbs. Do not think that it is an -ir verb. It is not. Ir is an irregular verb.

    Let’s start by learning the conjugation of the verb ir: to go.

    Read More »

    Stem changing e to ie

    e to ie stem-changing verbs all have an e in the stem and that e is going to change to ie in all forms except for nosotros and vosotros. read more

    Read More »

    Definite Article in Spanish

    Definite Articles in Spanish, In Spanish, you have to choose between four definite articles: el, la, los, and las. In Spanish, all nouns (including words for things) are either masculine or feminine this is called their gender. And just as in English they can also be either singular or plural.

    Read More »

    Indefinite Article in Spanish

    Indefinite Articles in Spanish Just like definite articles, follow the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural ) of a noun and have four forms

    Read More »

    Gustar

    How to Conjugate Gustar

    Gustar is a verb. Although the literal translation is “something is pleasing to you or to someone else”, Gustar is used to talk about things that you or someone likes.

    Read More »

    Subject Pronouns in Spanish

    Learn the subject pronouns in Spanish with FREE Video lessons, Chart, Examples & worksheet.Spanish Subject pronouns are the first step to learning Spanish,

    Read More »

    Conjugation of Ser in Spanish

    The Verb Ser means (To be) and is a crucial verb to know in Spanish. The verb Ser allows you to speak about yourself and others.
    Learning how to conjugate the verb ser in the present tense will enable you to talk about yourself and others regarding when you want to say, “I am … You are … He is … etc.”

    Read More »
    Adjectives in Spanish

    Adjectives in Spanish

    Adjectives in Spanish just like in English describe a noun. In Spanish, adjectives must agree in gender and number to the noun that they describe. In simple terms: If the noun is feminine and singular, the adjective should be feminine and singular. If the noun is plural and masculine, the adjective should be masculine and plural. 

    Read More »
    How to Conjugate ar verbs

    Conjugating ar Verbs

    To conjugate an -ar verb you remove the ending (-ar) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.

    Learn the Conjugation of Ar with FREE Video lessons, charts, Examples & worksheets.

    Read More »

    er-and-ir-verbs

    To conjugate er and ir verbs you remove the ending (-er or -ir) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.

    Conjugating regular -er & -ir verbs works exactly the same way we learned how to conjugate -ar verbs, however, we have different endings. 

    Read More »
    Conjugate Tener que + infinitive.

    Tener que + infinitive

    Tener que + infinitive. The “tener” part of that formula has to be conjugated to allow us to know who is the person that has to do something. 

    Learn the Conjugation of Ar with FREE Video lessons, charts, Examples & worksheets.

    Read More »

    Estar conjugation

    Estar is an irregular verb. The conjugations of Estar are:

    Yo → estoy
    Tú (you informal) → estás
    Èl/Ella/ Ud (you formal) → está
    Nosotros (nosotras) → estamos
    Vosotros (vosotras) → estáis
    Ellos/Ellas/Uds. → están

    Read More »

    Ir conjugation

    Ir is an irregular verb. That means that it does not follow the pattern of regular -ir verbs. Do not think that it is an -ir verb. It is not. Ir is an irregular verb.

    Let’s start by learning the conjugation of the verb ir: to go.

    Read More »

    Stem changing e to ie

    e to ie stem-changing verbs all have an e in the stem and that e is going to change to ie in all forms except for nosotros and vosotros. read more

    Read More »

    Definite Article in Spanish

    Definite Articles in Spanish, In Spanish, you have to choose between four definite articles: el, la, los, and las. In Spanish, all nouns (including words for things) are either masculine or feminine this is called their gender. And just as in English they can also be either singular or plural.

    Read More »

    Indefinite Article in Spanish

    Indefinite Articles in Spanish Just like definite articles, follow the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural ) of a noun and have four forms

    Read More »

    Gustar

    How to Conjugate Gustar

    Gustar is a verb. Although the literal translation is “something is pleasing to you or to someone else”, Gustar is used to talk about things that you or someone likes.

    Read More »