Teacher Catalina

Indefinite Article in Spanish

Table of Contents

What we already know?

In order to know what indefinite articles are, we need to do a quick review:

  • Nouns are people, places and things.
  • Adjectives are words that describe nouns. They have a gender and match in number or quantities. They can either be feminine or masculine. Usually nouns that end in -o are masculine and ones that end in -a are feminine. It’s not an absolute rule but a good rule to know.

What is the difference between definite and indefinite articles? 

  • Definite Articles: definite, specific
  • Indefinite Articles: not definite, not specific

Indefinite Articles video lesson

Play Video

Definite Article

Noun

Feminine or Masculine

Singular or Plural

el

carro

Masculine

Singular

los

carros

Masculine

Plural

la

manzana

Feminine

Singular

las

manzanas

Feminine

Plural

INSERT INDEFINITE ARTICLE GRAPHIC

Indefinite Article

Noun

Feminine or Masculine

Singular or Plural

un

carro

Masculine

Singular

unos

carros

Masculine

Plural

una

manzana

Feminine

Singular

unas

manzanas

Feminine

Plural

DEEP DIVE! What is the focus from this lesson?

We are going to learn how to say the feminine singular and feminine plural and the masculine singular and masculine plural. 

Let’s look at this example together:

Quiero _____ carro.

Quiero

_____

carro.

  

carro is singular and masculine

Quiero

un

carro.

  

carro is singular and masculine

Quiero _____ empanada.

Quiero

_____

empanada.

  

empanada is singular and feminine

Quiero

una

empanada.

  

empanada is singular and feminine

Quiero _____ carros.

Quiero

_____

carros.

  

carros is plural and masculine

Quiero

unos

carros.

  

carros is plural and masculine

Quiero _____ empanadas.

Quiero

_____

empanadas.

  

empanadas is plural and feminine

Quiero

unas

empanadas.

  

empanadas is plural and feminine

What are indefinite articles?

  • So now we have learned that you have to choose between four definite articles: un, una, unos, unas
  • You select the correct definite article depending on the noun that it follows that can be either masculine or feminine (i.e. their gender)

Independent Practice:

Noun

Feminine or Masculine

Singular or Plural

un

una

unos

unas

helado

 

Singular

un

helados

Masculine

  

niña

Feminine

  

niñas

 

Plural

unas

 

What did we learn?

  • How to make nouns singular or plural? If it ends in a vowel add-s. If it ends in a consonant add -es.
  • How to determine if nouns are feminine or masculine? Most that end in -o are masculine. Most that end in -a are feminine. The others have to memorized.
  • How to add indefinite articles to nouns? Basically ‘a, an, some’ in English or a specific item like a car or an empanada. There are four are: un, una, unos, unas

Table of Contents

  • I am Teacher Catalina.

  • I am a Spanish Teacher, a native Spanish speaker, and have been teaching Spanish in the USA for over 16 years, always teaching in a fun and engaging way. My passion ❤️ is to teach Spanish, share my expertise as an educator, and collaborate with people around the world 🌍.

  • Subject Pronouns in Spanish

    Learn the subject pronouns in Spanish with FREE Video lessons, Chart, Examples & worksheet.Spanish Subject pronouns are the first step to learning Spanish,

    Read More »

    Conjugation of Ser in Spanish

    The Verb Ser means (To be) and is a crucial verb to know in Spanish. The verb Ser allows you to speak about yourself and others.
    Learning how to conjugate the verb ser in the present tense will enable you to talk about yourself and others regarding when you want to say, “I am … You are … He is … etc.”

    Read More »
    Adjectives in Spanish

    Adjectives in Spanish

    Adjectives in Spanish just like in English describe a noun. In Spanish, adjectives must agree in gender and number to the noun that they describe. In simple terms: If the noun is feminine and singular, the adjective should be feminine and singular. If the noun is plural and masculine, the adjective should be masculine and plural. 

    Read More »
    How to Conjugate ar verbs

    Conjugating ar Verbs

    To conjugate an -ar verb you remove the ending (-ar) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.

    Learn the Conjugation of Ar with FREE Video lessons, charts, Examples & worksheets.

    Read More »

    er-and-ir-verbs

    To conjugate er and ir verbs you remove the ending (-er or -ir) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.

    Conjugating regular -er & -ir verbs works exactly the same way we learned how to conjugate -ar verbs, however, we have different endings. 

    Read More »
    Conjugate Tener que + infinitive.

    Tener que + infinitive

    Tener que + infinitive. The “tener” part of that formula has to be conjugated to allow us to know who is the person that has to do something. 

    Learn the Conjugation of Ar with FREE Video lessons, charts, Examples & worksheets.

    Read More »

    Estar conjugation

    Estar is an irregular verb. The conjugations of Estar are:

    Yo → estoy
    Tú (you informal) → estás
    Èl/Ella/ Ud (you formal) → está
    Nosotros (nosotras) → estamos
    Vosotros (vosotras) → estáis
    Ellos/Ellas/Uds. → están

    Read More »

    Ir conjugation

    Ir is an irregular verb. That means that it does not follow the pattern of regular -ir verbs. Do not think that it is an -ir verb. It is not. Ir is an irregular verb.

    Let’s start by learning the conjugation of the verb ir: to go.

    Read More »

    Stem changing e to ie

    e to ie stem-changing verbs all have an e in the stem and that e is going to change to ie in all forms except for nosotros and vosotros. read more

    Read More »

    Definite Article in Spanish

    Definite Articles in Spanish, In Spanish, you have to choose between four definite articles: el, la, los, and las. In Spanish, all nouns (including words for things) are either masculine or feminine this is called their gender. And just as in English they can also be either singular or plural.

    Read More »

    Indefinite Article in Spanish

    Indefinite Articles in Spanish Just like definite articles, follow the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural ) of a noun and have four forms

    Read More »

    Gustar

    How to Conjugate Gustar

    Gustar is a verb. Although the literal translation is “something is pleasing to you or to someone else”, Gustar is used to talk about things that you or someone likes.

    Read More »