The verb’s action is received directly by an object. The action of a verb has an indirect effect on an indirect object. The words ‘direct object pronouns’ and ‘indirect object pronouns’ replace a sentence’s direct and indirect objects.
A pronoun is a word that is used to replace a noun. The verb’s action is received by an object, either directly or indirectly. Thus, an object pronoun is a word that is used to replace the sentence’s object.
Let’s look at an example of a simple English sentence: I eat chocolate ice cream.
In this case, ‘I’ is the subject of the sentence because I am performing the verb’s action (eating), and the chocolate ice cream is the object of the sentence.
If you wanted to use an object pronoun in this sentence, you need to look for a word that can replace ‘chocolate ice cream’. Imagine if someone asks you:
Do you like chocolate ice cream?
You could then respond and say:
Yes, I eat it every day.
In this case, ‘it’ is the English object pronoun for ‘chocolate ice cream’. Let’s make it clear with the help of a few more examples:
— Have you seen my glasses?
— No, I haven’t seen them.
— Can you give this envelope to John and Annie?
— Yes, I will give it to them tomorrow.
As you can see in these examples, the object pronouns in English are ‘it’, ‘them’, ‘him’, and ‘her’. In the last example, we used a direct object pronoun (it) in combination with an indirect object pronoun (them).
Now that we are clear about object pronouns, it is time for us to dig into two types of object pronouns.
The verb’s action is received directly by a direct object. The action of a verb has an indirect effect on an indirect object. The words ‘direct object pronouns’ and ‘indirect object pronouns’ replace a sentence’s direct and indirect objects.
Certain verbs, according to the theory, cannot use indirect objects. Some verbs frequently use indirect objects. For instance, the verb ‘to see’ cannot have an indirect object.
John: Can you see my car?
Annie: Yes, I see it.
Note here that ‘it’ is the direct object pronoun for ‘car’.
However, there cannot be an indirect object with ‘to see’ because when you ‘see’ something, the action of ‘seeing’ that thing has no effect on anything else.
In contrast, the verb ‘to give’ often has an indirect object. For instance:
Sara: What did you give your mother for Christmas?
Katherine: I gave her a dress.
In this particular example, the dress is the direct object because it receives the action of the verb. And, ‘her’ is the indirect object pronoun because the mother is indirectly affected by the action of giving the dress.
When you give to someone, you usually give something to them. And, if you know what is being given and who is receiving it from context, you can construct a sentence with a direct and indirect object pronoun like this:
Here is a table of the Spanish direct and indirect object pronouns and their English equivalents:
ENGLISH OBJECT PRONOUNS
SPANISH DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS
SPANISH INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS
(Él / Ella)
Him / Her / It
Lo / La
Lo / La
(Ellos / Ellas)
Los / Las
You All (Formal)
Los / Las
while using direct and indirect object pronouns in Spanish, you have to decide between ‘lo‘ and ‘le‘ for the translation of ‘him’ and ‘it’, ‘la‘ and ‘le‘ for the translation of ‘her’ and ‘it’, and ‘los‘, ‘las‘ and ‘les‘ for the translation of ‘them’.
However, if you know the word you want to translate is a direct or indirect object pronoun in English, you will know which word to use in Spanish. If you want to translate an English sentence that contains the word ‘them’ to Spanish, and you know that ‘them’ is an indirect object pronoun, you should use ‘les’.
Similarly, if you want to translate an English sentence with ‘it’ to Spanish, and you know that ‘it’ is a direct object pronoun representing a male object, then you should use ‘lo’.
Remember that in order to use a direct object pronoun, you must know what the direct object is from context.
Can you see my book? (¿Puedes ver mi libro?)
Yes, I see it. (Sí, lo veo)
In the example above, you need to use ‘lo’ because it is the direct object pronoun for ‘book’. And, since ‘book’ is masculine in Spanish, you need to use ‘lo’ and not ‘la’. Also, most importantly, you need to put the ‘lo’ before the conjugated verb.
To use an indirect object pronoun, you need a special kind of verb. You need a verb that can affect other things by its action in an indirect manner. A few of these common verbs in Spanish are: alquilar, dar, decir, dejar, echar, regalar, and vender.
Keep in mind that these verbs do not have to have an indirect object. It’s just that they frequently do.
Will you leave him the car? (¿Le dejas el coche?)
Note the indirect object pronoun is ‘him’. The action of leaving the ‘car’ is indirectly affecting ‘him’ because now he can use the car.
You have seen indirect object pronouns separately in this section. Now let’s look at how to combine direct and indirect object pronouns in a sentence in Spanish.
Now, this is the part where Spanish learners get a bit confused. If you are one of them, it is important for you to remember that the direct object pronoun and indirect object pronoun will often combine after a relevant question.
Did she tell you the story? (¿Te dijo la historia?)
Yes, she told it to me. (Sí, me la dijo)
In the example above, the direct object pronoun ‘la‘ represents the story and the indirect object pronoun ‘me‘ represents the one speaking.
After that, we must consider what happens when third-person indirect object pronouns are combined with direct object pronouns. In Spanish, you never say ‘le lo’; instead, you say ‘se lo.’
This is because ‘le lo’ is actually harder to say. It is much easier to say ‘se lo’ than ‘le lo‘. That’s why this change happened. Following is a list of all of the changes for third-person indirect object pronouns combined with direct object pronouns:
Have you found direct object pronouns and indirect object pronouns confusing? If so, it is advised to start by thinking about sentences in English that contain ‘him,’ ‘her,’ ‘it,’ or ‘them’ and asking yourself if they are acting as direct object pronouns or indirect object pronouns. Then you can simply translate these sentences into Spanish.
Remember these pronouns often come up when answering questions, so try to ask your Spanish friends lots of questions using verbs that use indirect objects (decir, dar, dejar etc.)
The Verb Ser means (To be) and is a crucial verb to know in Spanish. The verb Ser allows you to speak about yourself and others.
Learning how to conjugate the verb ser in the present tense will enable you to talk about yourself and others regarding when you want to say, “I am … You are … He is … etc.”
Adjectives in Spanish just like in English describe a noun. In Spanish, adjectives must agree in gender and number to the noun that they describe. In simple terms: If the noun is feminine and singular, the adjective should be feminine and singular. If the noun is plural and masculine, the adjective should be masculine and plural.
To conjugate er and ir verbs you remove the ending (-er or -ir) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.
Conjugating regular -er & -ir verbs works exactly the same way we learned how to conjugate -ar verbs, however, we have different endings.
Definite Articles in Spanish, In Spanish, you have to choose between four definite articles: el, la, los, and las. In Spanish, all nouns (including words for things) are either masculine or feminine this is called their gender. And just as in English they can also be either singular or plural.
when O in the last stressed syllable of the stem, it will be automatically replaced by ue. Following is the O to UE stem changing verbs chart. with Video
Let me explain how Direct & indirect object pronouns work in Spanish, and i have a video lesson for both ready for you