Teacher Catalina

Ir conjugation

Table of Contents

How to Conjugate ir

Ir is an irregular verb. The conjugations  of ir are:

  • Yo  →  voy
  • Tú (you informal) → vas
  • Èl/Ella/ Ud (you formal) → va
  • Nosotros (nosotras) → vamos
  • Vosotros (vosotras) → vais
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds. → van

Ir means: to go

Ir is an irregular verb. That means that it does not follow the pattern of regular -ir verbs. Do not think that it is an -ir verb. It is not. Ir is an irregular verb.

Let’s start by learning the conjugation of the verb ir: to go.

Ir conjugation video lesson

Play Video

The conjugations of the verb Ir are as follows

 

Yo  →  voy. 

I go. See how it went from ir to voy? That’s what makes it irregular. 

Tú (you informal) → vas

Tú vas means: You go.

Èl/Ella/ Ud (you formal) → va

Èl va →  He goes. 

Ella va → She goes.

Ud. Va → You (f.) go.

Since él/ella/Ud. share the same conjugation, it is important to use the subject pronoun to make sure we know who we are all talking about. Once the subject is established you don’t have to continue using the subject pronoun.


Nosotros (nosotras) → vamos

Nosotros vamos means: We go.  Remember that nosotros includes you and it is in regards to a group you are part of in which is mixed or ALL males. 

Nosotras vamos means: We go. Remember that nosotras includes you and it is in regards to a group you are part of in which ALL are females. 

Vosotros (vosotras) → vais

Vosotros vais means: You (plural in Spain) go. Vosotros and vosotras are used when talking TO a group of people. Do remember that we have to think about gender here.

Vosotras vais means: You (plural in Spain) go. Vosotras is used when talking TO a group of ONLY females.

The subject pronoun can also be omitted. 

Ellos/Ellas/Uds. → van

Since ellos/ellas/Uds. share the same conjugation, it is important to use the subject pronoun to make sure we know who we are all talking about. Once the subject is established you don’t have to continue using the subject pronoun. 

Ellos van means: They go. Remember that Ellos is used to talk ABOUT a group of males OR a mixed group of males and females (regardless of the ratio).

Ellas están van: They go. Remember that Ellas is used to talk ABOUT a group of females ONLY.

Uds. están means: You (plural) are.

Those are the conjugations of the verb ir  to go. 

If you already know the subject pronouns then you are just memorizing: 

voy, vas, va, vamos vais and van. 

So now that we know the conjugations of the verb ir let’s look at some examples together so we can talk about the places that I go, you go, he goes and we all go.

In order to do that we first have to learn this little expression or formula.

Ir a + place is used to talk about the places that we go to.

Ir a → to go to

Let’s say that I am going to say “I go to school”

I would take the conjugation of ir in the yo form and follow the rest of the formula.

(Yo) Voy a la escuela

Now I want you to look at this:

So far we went to la escuela and la clase de matemáticas 

Those two nouns are feminine, la escuela and la clase de matemáticas. If you need to review gender of nouns a bit more check this lesson out → Adjectives and Nouns.

If the place we are going to is a masculine noun, things change up a bit … 

Notice how that el supermercado is a masculine noun.

Why does that matter?

Because, anytime that we have an a followed by el we have to contract it into al 

Let me show you …

Let me show you: a + el = al

(Yo) voy al supermercado.

a + el = al

 

Now let’s say we are going to the training like a sports training. That would be el entrenamiento. 

Let’s use ir a + place

Now, is el entrenamiento masculine? Yes , yes it is … therefore we will have to remember to contract a + el into al. Let’s do that all together.

Vamos a … … el entrenamiento . 

Ok let’s contract a + el into al. That would look like this. 

(Nosotros) vamosalentrenamiento.

Table of Contents

  • I am Teacher Catalina.

  • I am a Spanish Teacher, a native Spanish speaker, and have been teaching Spanish in the USA for over 16 years, always teaching in a fun and engaging way. My passion ❤️ is to teach Spanish, share my expertise as an educator, and collaborate with people around the world 🌍.

  • Free handouts (Click to download from Google drive)

    Subject Pronouns in Spanish

    Learn the subject pronouns in Spanish with FREE Video lessons, Chart, Examples & worksheet.Spanish Subject pronouns are the first step to learning Spanish,

    Read More »

    Conjugation of Ser in Spanish

    The Verb Ser means (To be) and is a crucial verb to know in Spanish. The verb Ser allows you to speak about yourself and others.
    Learning how to conjugate the verb ser in the present tense will enable you to talk about yourself and others regarding when you want to say, “I am … You are … He is … etc.”

    Read More »
    Adjectives in Spanish

    Adjectives in Spanish

    Adjectives in Spanish just like in English describe a noun. In Spanish, adjectives must agree in gender and number to the noun that they describe. In simple terms: If the noun is feminine and singular, the adjective should be feminine and singular. If the noun is plural and masculine, the adjective should be masculine and plural. 

    Read More »
    How to Conjugate ar verbs

    Conjugating ar Verbs

    To conjugate an -ar verb you remove the ending (-ar) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.

    Learn the Conjugation of Ar with FREE Video lessons, charts, Examples & worksheets.

    Read More »

    er-and-ir-verbs

    To conjugate er and ir verbs you remove the ending (-er or -ir) and you add a new ending based on the subject or person performing the action.

    Conjugating regular -er & -ir verbs works exactly the same way we learned how to conjugate -ar verbs, however, we have different endings. 

    Read More »
    Conjugate Tener que + infinitive.

    Tener que + infinitive

    Tener que + infinitive. The “tener” part of that formula has to be conjugated to allow us to know who is the person that has to do something. 

    Learn the Conjugation of Ar with FREE Video lessons, charts, Examples & worksheets.

    Read More »

    Estar conjugation

    Estar is an irregular verb. The conjugations of Estar are:

    Yo → estoy
    Tú (you informal) → estás
    Èl/Ella/ Ud (you formal) → está
    Nosotros (nosotras) → estamos
    Vosotros (vosotras) → estáis
    Ellos/Ellas/Uds. → están

    Read More »

    Ir conjugation

    Ir is an irregular verb. That means that it does not follow the pattern of regular -ir verbs. Do not think that it is an -ir verb. It is not. Ir is an irregular verb.

    Let’s start by learning the conjugation of the verb ir: to go.

    Read More »

    Stem changing e to ie

    e to ie stem-changing verbs all have an e in the stem and that e is going to change to ie in all forms except for nosotros and vosotros. read more

    Read More »

    Definite Article in Spanish

    Definite Articles in Spanish, In Spanish, you have to choose between four definite articles: el, la, los, and las. In Spanish, all nouns (including words for things) are either masculine or feminine this is called their gender. And just as in English they can also be either singular or plural.

    Read More »

    Indefinite Article in Spanish

    Indefinite Articles in Spanish Just like definite articles, follow the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural ) of a noun and have four forms

    Read More »

    Gustar

    How to Conjugate Gustar

    Gustar is a verb. Although the literal translation is “something is pleasing to you or to someone else”, Gustar is used to talk about things that you or someone likes.

    Read More »